|Common Name(s)||Saulosi Cichlid|
|Scientific Name||Pseudotropheus saulosi, Chindongo saulosi|
|Size||3-4 inches (8-10 cm)|
|Minimum Tank Size||50 gallon|
|Food & Diet||Algae based diet consisting of spirulina, algae wafers, and nori. Brine shrimp and other protein based food can be fed occasionally.|
|Tank Mates||Can be kept with other mbuna of similar size.|
|Breeding||They are bred in sand pits dug by the males. Females will hold fry in mouth for a couple weeks.|
|Disease||May be prone to ich and other disease comon to cichlids.|
Saulosi Cichlid (Pseudotropheus saulosi) is an African Cichlid species that originates from Lake Malawi. More specifically, these fish are found in an area of the lake called Taiwan Reef. They are found in depths of 7-15 meters. Enormous schools wander near the algae-covered rocky structures of the reef, curiously exploring and searching for food. These schools house mostly yellow fish, which are indications that they are either females or juvenile specimen. Blue coloration would indicate that they are males. The ones with the most vibrant blue coloration is often the dominant male fish. Mature males would also have black bars on their blue bodies.
Saulosi Cichlid Care
Saulosi Cichlids are considered hardy aquarium fish that are easy to care for. However, there are a few basic requirements that entail keeping these fish.
Saulosi Cichlid are often referred to as Dwarf Mbuna Cichlids, since they only reach about 4 inches in size. However, despite their relatively small size, they should not be kept in a small aquarium. A minimum tank size of 50 gallons and tank length of 4 foot is recommended, since this will allow them to be housed in groups. Keeping Saulosi Cichlid in a minimum group of 5 fish is recommended. This would help manage the males’ aggression.
By adding plenty of rock structures, you can mimic their natural habitat in Lake Malawi. Solid rock structures that stretch from the base of the tank to the surface of the tank is ideal. These rock structures should be built with the intention of making numerous crevices for the fish to explore. Keep in mind that the fish may dig around or under these rocks. Therefore, it is important to construct a stable hardscape. In addition to the rockscape, the tank should have open areas for the fish to swim freely as well.
Regarding the substrate, the bottom of Lake Malawi is often covered in sand. To mimic this, a sand substrate would be ideal. Coral sand or Aragonite is often used to help maintain a high water pH. These are both light colored substrate. If darker substrate is preferred, coral sand or Aragonite can be placed in a mesh sack and placed in the filtration system, near the outflow. This would help maintain the high pH.
Saulosi Cichlid require alkaline water, and they should be kept at a pH range of 7.4-8.4. If the water pH is too low, it can be raised by using various methods.
In addition to adding coral sand or Aragonite, there are other methods as well. An alternative method of raising pH is by using buffering products such as Seachem’s Malawi/Victoria Buffer. For a 50 gallon tank, 2.5-5 teaspoon can be dosed until the desired pH is achieved. Once the desired pH is achieved, the tank can be continued to be dosed routinely to maintain the pH level. To maintain a pH level, a dose every 2-3 weeks is required. Please refer to Seachem for more specific details regarding dosing.
Saulosi Cichlid Temperature
Saulosi Cichlid require water temperatures of 73-80°F (23-27°C).
For most fishkeepers, this would mean that an aquarium heater is required. For larger aquariums, a heater with a capacity of approximately 3.5 watts for every gallon of water is ideal. For example, for a 55 gallon aquarium a 200 watt heater can be used.
Once the optimum water temperature reached, it is important to maintain this temperature. Sudden fluctuation in the temperature and other water parameters can harm the fish.
Saulosi Cichlid Size
Saulosi Cichlid size can range from 3-4 inches in size. The males are larger than the females. Males often reach 4 inches in size. The females usually do not reach this size, only growing to around 3-3.5 inches in size.
Saulosi Cichlid Tank Mates
Saulosi Cichlid can be kept with other similarly sized mbunas, such as Labidochromis and Tropheops species. Tank mates that are larger and aggressive should be avoided. In addition, species with blue or yellow coloring should be avoided as well.
Here’s a list of potential tank mates for Saulosi Cichlids:
- White Top Hara (Cynotilapia sp hara)
- Maingano Cichlid (Melanochromis cyaneorhabdos)
- Rusty Cichlid (Iodotropheus sprengerae)
- Red Zebra Cichlid (Maylandia estherae)
- Acei Cichlid (Pseudotropheus elegans)
- Other species of Labidochromis and Tropheops
When considering additional tank mates, be sure to do so with careful consideration. Both compatibility and tank capacity must be considered.
Saulosi Cichlid Aggression
Male Saulosi cichlid can become territorial and aggressive with other males, so a tank of adequate size is required. The aggression and tension can rise especially during mating. A dominant male in the tank will often aggressively chase after other males. Therefore, it is best to limit the number of males in the tank.
However, overcrowding is another strategy for managing the aggression. By purposely adding lots of fish, it makes it difficult for the aggressive fish to pursue a specific fish. Of course, overcrowding a tank
Additionally, overcrowding assists with controlling aggression by making it hard for one specific fish to zero in on another. With so numerous Saulosi cichlids in the tank, it is hard for the predominant ones to single out others. Notwithstanding, you should be cautious while overcrowding a tank. You will require additional filtration to deal with the additional heap and you should be exceptionally ordinary with your water changes.
Most rock-dwelling species are sometimes aggressive and should be held under states of ‘controlled overcrowding to condone territorial conflicts that can end in a lot of fatalities – extra filtration may likewise be needed to manage with a hefty bioload.
The Saulosi cichlid is a hostile animal species, and it is ideal to keep one male in a group of females’ circumstances with a few females (keeping only one female with a male will bring about consistent assault and perhaps demise). This species can be kept effectively close by other active Mbuna, though it is ideal to avoid fish with comparable color patterns.
Saulosi Cichlid can live in a 200 liters tank (55 gallon) tank alongside a gathering of comparable estimated Labidochromis caeruleus and a couple of little synodontis. However, males are genuinely lenient toward one another whenever given satisfactory room for territorial issues yet having one male with a gathering of females gives an extremely conducive environment. Female Pseudotropheus saulosi will school together in groups of up to 50 in the lake to look after each other, and they also get along remarkably well in the aquarium.
Are Saulosi Cichlids Aggressive Fish?
As mentioned, Males Saulosi Cichlids can become territorial and aggressive with other males. Females and smaller males without territories have the yellow color while the males with predominance/territorial will be blue with black bars.
They can be very captivating and territorial, particularly when they pair off and begin to spawn. Some will endure tank mates and some must be kept as solitary individuals or in exceptionally aggressive species tanks. A few retailers and breeders will, in general, keep them overcrowded in show tanks to attempt to restrict the hostility and without a doubt it does appear to work.
Moreover, there could be numerous factors at play in this situation. The water quality could be exceptionally poor, likely high in smelling salts (and perhaps nitrites) in this manner making them show up more docile. research has is that a crowding circumstance keeps a solitary fish from becoming predominant over others. There are simply such a large number of other fish to dominate in a crowded tank. When you get a couple of them adjusted and at home in your aquarium the circumstances could be totally different.
Saulosi Cichlid Tank Size
Even however saulosi cichlid are popularly referred to as dwarf mbuna cichlid only coming to about 3.4 inches as adults, saulosi cichlid actually need a tank that is somewhere around 55 gallons or bigger to give swimming room and to permit you to keep them in a school.
With regards to finding the right tank arrangement, you simply need to adhere to the basics. Ensure all the fish in the tank have adequate room and the water is agreeable for everybody. However long you deal with these fundamentals and keep a solid tank, all of them should be okay. Since saulosi cichlids are extra active and fairly aggressive species, they ought to have a lot of room and space.
Additionally, it’s critical to have your tank on a steady surface. The actual tank ought to be fixed well, without any breaks. Saulosi cichlids have been known to leap out of the water sometimes, so it’s a smart thought to have a sturdy lid on your tank.
Saulosi Cichlid Food & Diet
Saulosi cichlid feeding care is very like that of other Mbuna. As they eat algae, a vegetable eating regimen with an extra protein snack (krill, mysis, artemia, hacked shrimp, … however NO mammal meat!)
Saulosi appears to be very ready to endure a more extensive scope of food than other dwarfs Pseudotropheus, for example, demasoni. This isn’t to propose that you go wild and feed them on krill or bloodworms, as their essential food should, in any case, be a decent quality green flake joined by little particles of acceptable higher protein food sources, for example, the ones referenced above (cyclops, daphnia, squashed snails, and child saline solution shrimp). The diet ought to likewise be enhanced with fresh new green vegetables like spinach, romaine lettuce, peas or Zucchi.
To abstain from overfeeding, the fish ought to be given no more than they can eat shortly. This won’t just lessen squander; however, it will keep the tank cleaner too.
Saulosi Cichlid Breeding
Saulosi cichlid are maternal mouthbrooders, implying that they lay eggs, which are then taken into the female’s mouth where they are brooded, hatched, and afterward spat out as full-grown fry.
When attempting to breed saulosi cichlids, you’ll need to have a male and female in the same tank without help from anyone else. For ideal reproducing chances, the design, furniture, and size of the tank should not be changed during this cycle. It’s simplest to utilize develop fish to guarantee their capacity to breed.
Continuously monitor the tank for battles between the male and female, as breeding can bring out more hostility and aggression. Saulosi cichlids perform mating rituals in which they show their colors and move in some unique ways. When fertilized, your fish will either lay their eggs and safeguard them in a safe cavern/tank hole, or hold them in their mouth for around 21 days (mouthbrooding).
How to Breed Saulosi Cichlids?
Saulosi Cichlid is a maternal mouthbrooder. The male will choose a breeding site, typically on a location with a sandy base. Brood sizes will generally be under 20 fry, and 10-15 is normal.
Saulosi Cichlid fry can be raised in a grow-out tank of 10-20 gallons. Regarding the filtration, an aquarium filter with gentle flow is recommended. The intake of the filtration system should be covered with a mesh or sponge material to prevent the fry from getting sucked in as well. Since this is a grow-out tank, it does not have to be heavily decorated. However, when the female is taken out the tank, and the tank is absolutely bare, it can make the fry feel unsafe. Therefore, it is recommended to keep at least one large stone in the tank.
Saulosi Cichlid Growth Rate
Saulosi cichlid species can develop at a length of 8.6 cm (3.4 in) TL. The fish are born yellow yet as they develop to mature males become blue with a few vertical dark bars.
Now and again it truly relies upon a lot of factors, including aggression, what else is stocked in the tank, water conditions, and so forth that will decide saulosi cichlid development rate. Yet, center around keeping up with the best water conditions you essentially can, without adjusting water science through synthetic substances or something else. If you’re doing everything right, there isn’t anything else you can do, ultimately the development will be fast!
Saulosi Cichlid Lifespan
The normal life span of saulosi cichlids is eight years with appropriate care. Very much like any fish, this can differ radically in the event that saulosi cichlids live in a problematic tank circumstance with a poor eating routine and water quality.
Is Saulosi Cichlid Right For You?
Now that you have all the info and guide you need to settle on a choice, it’s an ideal opportunity to sit down and think. Possessing saulosi cichlids can be loads of fun and exceptionally fulfilling. They are lovely, dynamic, and exceptionally astonishing fish!